Prof. Dr. Stefan Garthe

Hafentörn 1, D-25761 Büsum
Phone: +49 4834 604-116
Telefax: +49 4834 604-299

Curriculum Vitae

  • Since 2014: Head of the working group Marine Animal Ecology
  • 2014: Appointment of Professor at Kiel University
  • 2001-2014: Head of the working group Seabird Ecology
  • Since 2004: also Adjunct Professor at the Department of Psychology at Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Canada
  • 1997-2001: Scientist at the Institute of Marine Science (Institut für Meereskunde) in Kiel, Germany
  • 2005: Habilitation in Zoology und Biological Oceanography at the Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel; title of the habilitation thesis "Distribution, activity and foraging behaviour of seabirds in north-central European seas in relation to physical, biological and anthropogenic conditions"
  • 1997: PhD in Zoology at the Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel; title of the PhD thesis "Distribution and abundance of North Sea seabirds and their feeding ecology in relation to fisheries and hydrography"
  • 1993: Diploma in Biology at the Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel (main examen: Zoology, other examens: Biological Oceanography and Physical Oceanography); title of the Diploma thesis "Quantification of discards and offal of fisheries in the southeastern North Sea and their utilization by seabirds"

Main research activities

  • Studies on the foraging ecology of selected seabirds species by data logger techniques (telemetry) and diet analyses
  • Spatial-temporal dynamics of seabirds in shelf areas
  • Relationships between abiotic and biotic factors and seabird distribution patterns
  • Short and long-term population changes in seabirds and their causes
  • Scientific bases in the conflict field between marine nature conservation and marine exploitation (mainly fisheries and offshore wind farms)


Master of Science Programm "Biological Oceanography":

  • "Seabird ecology" (Modul MNF-bioc-264; Praktikum)
  • "Food-web interactions in the Wadden Sea" (Modul MNF-bioc-268; Praktikum)

Master of Science Programm "Environmental Management":

  • "Wind energy: Technological challenges and environmental impacts" (Modul S 129; Vorlesung, Seminar, Übung)
  • "Abiotic-biotic interactions in the Wadden Sea" (Modul S 125; Vorlesung, Übung)
  • "Marine Ecology" als Teil von "Principles in Ecology for Environmental Sciences" (Modul S 154; Vorlesung, Übung)
  • "Marine Protected Areas" als Teil von "Integrated Management of Coastal Zones" (Modul S 127; Vorlesung, Übung, Seminar)
  • "Seabirds" als Teil von "Coastal & Marine Ecosystems – Field Studies" (Modul S 124; Übung, Vorlesung, Exkursion)


Please find below a selection from more than 200 publications:

  • Garthe S,Guse N, Montevecchi WA,Rail JF, Gregoire F(2014): The daily catch: Flight altitude and diving behavior of northern gannets feeding on Atlantic mackerel. Journal of Sea Research 85: 456-462. (Abstract) doi:10.1016/j.seares.2013.07.020
  • Garthe S, Markones N, Mendel B, Sonntag N, Krause J (2012): Protected areas for seabirds in German offshore waters: designation, retrospective consideration and current perspectives. Biological Conservation 156: 126-135. (Abstract) doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2011.12.002
  • Garthe S, Ludynia K, Hüppop O, Kubetzki U, Meraz JF, Furness RW (2012): Energy budgets reveal equal benefits of varied migration strategies in northern gannets. Marine Biology 159: 1907–1915. (Abstract) doi:10.1007/s00227-012-1978-6
  • Fort J, Pettex E, Tremblay Y, Lorentsen S-H, Garthe S, Votier S, Pons JB, Siorat F, Furness RW, Grecian WJ, Bearhop S, Montevecchi WA, Grémillet D (2012): Meta-population evidence of oriented chain-migration in northern gannets. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 10: 237-242. (Abstract) doi:10.1890/110194
  • Montevecchi WA, Fifield D, Burke C, Garthe S, Hedd A, Rail J-F, Robertson G (2012): Tracking long-distance migration to assess marine pollution impact. Biology Letters 8: 218-221. (Abstract) (Paper) doi:10.1098/rsbl.2011.0880
  • Sonntag N, Schwemmer H, Fock H, Bellebaum J, Garthe S (2012): Seabirds, set-nets, and conservation management: assessment of conflict potential and vulnerability of birds to bycatch in gillnets. ICES Journal of Marine Science 69: 578-589. (Abstract) (Paper) doi:10.1093/icesjms/fss030
  • Garthe S, Montevecchi WA, Davoren GK (2011): Inter-annual changes in prey fields trigger different foraging tactics in a large marine predator. Limnology and Oceanography 56: 802-812. (Abstract) (Paper) doi:10.4319/lo.2011.56.3.0802
  • Burkhard B, Opitz S, Lenhart H, Ahrendt K, Garthe S, Mendel B, Windhorst W (2011): Ecosystem based modeling and indication of ecological integrity in the German North Sea - Case study offshore wind parks. Ecological Indicators 11: 168-174. (Abstract) doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2009.07.004
  • Schwemmer P, Garthe S (2011): Spatial and temporal patterns of habitat use by Eurasian Oystercatchers (Haematopus ostralegus) population in the eastern Wadden Sea as revealed using GPS data loggers. Marine Biology 158: 541-550. (Abstract) doi:10.1007/s00227-010-1579-1
  • Schwemmer P, Mendel B, Sonntag N, Dierschke V, Garthe S (2011): Effects of ship traffic on seabirds in offshore waters: implications for marine conservation and spatial planning. Ecological Applications 21: 1851-1860. (Abstract) (Paper) doi:10.1890/10-0615.1
  • Paiva VH, Geraldes P, Ramirez I, Garthe S, Ramos JA (2010): How area restricted search of a pelagic seabird changes while performing a dual foraging strategy. Oikos 119: 1423-1434. (Abstract) doi:10.1111/j.1600-0706.2010.18294.x
  • Garthe S, Markones N, Hüppop O, Adler S (2009): Effects of hydrographic and meteorological factors on seasonal seabird abundance in the southern North Sea. Marine Ecology Progress Series 391: 243-255. (Abstract) (Paper) doi:10.3354/meps08170
  • Kubetzki U, Garthe S, Fifield D, Mendel B, Furness RW (2009): Individual migratory schedules and wintering areas of northern gannets. Marine Ecology Progress Series 391: 257-265. (Abstract) (Paper) doi:10.3354/meps08254
  • Schwemmer P, Adler S, Guse N, Markones N, Garthe S (2009): Influence of water flow velocity and water depth on distribution and foraging patterns of a surface-feeding seabird in the German Wadden Sea. Fisheries Oceanography 18: 161-172. (Abstract) doi:10.1111/j.1365-2419.2009.00504.x
  • Zydelis R, Bellebaum J, Österblom H, Vetemaa M, Schirmeister B, Stipniece A, Dagys M, van Eerden M, Garthe S (2009): Bycatch in gillnet fisheries - An overlooked threat to waterbird populations. Biological Conservation 142: 1269-1281. (Abstract) (Paper) doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2009.02.025
  • Mendel B, Sonntag N, Wahl J, Schwemmer P, Dries H, Guse N, Müller S, Garthe S (2008): Artensteckbriefe von See- und Wasservögeln der deutschen Nord- und Ostsee. Verbreitung, Ökologie und Empfindlichkeiten gegenüber Eingriffen in ihren marinen Lebensraum. Naturschutz und Biologische Vielfalt 59. Bundesamt für Naturschutz, Bonn - Bad Godesberg. (Link)
  • Schwemmer P, Garthe S, Mundry R (2008): Area utilization of gulls in a coastal farmland landscape: habitat mosaic supports niche segregation of opportunistic species. Landscape Ecology 23: 355-367. (Abstract) (Paper) doi:10.1007/s10980-008-9194-y
  • Schwemmer P, Garthe S (2008): Regular habitat switch as an important feeding strategy of an opportunistic seabird species at the interface between land and sea. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 77: 12-22. (Abstract) doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2007.08.017
  • Garthe S, Montevecchi WA, Chapdelaine G, Rail J-F, Hedd A (2007): Contrasting foraging tactics by northern gannets (Sula bassana) breeding in different oceanographic domains with different prey fields. Marine Biology 151: 687-694. (Abstract) (Paper) doi:10.1007/s00227-006-0523-x
  • Garthe S, Montevecchi WA, Davoren GK (2007): Flight destinations and foraging behaviour of northern gannets (Sula bassana) preying on a small foraging fish in a low-Arctic ecosystem. Deep-Sea Research Part II 54: 311-320. (Abstract) (Paper) doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2006.11.008
  • Barrett RT, Camphuysen CJ, Anker-Nilssen T, Chardine JW, Furness RW, Garthe S, Hüppop O, Leopold MF, Montevecchi WA, Veit RR (2007): Diet studies of seabirds: a review and recommendations. ICES Journal of Marine Science 64: 1675-1691. (Abstract) doi:10.1093/icesjms/fsm152
  • Garthe S, Hüppop O (2004): Scaling possible adverse effects of marine wind farms on seabirds: developing and applying a vulnerability index. Journal of Applied Ecology 41: 724-734. (Abstract) doi:10.1111/j.0021-8901.2004.00918.x
  • Garthe S, Benvenuti S, Montevecchi WA (2003): Temporal patterns of foraging activities of northern gannets, Morus bassanus, in the northwest Atlantic Ocean. Canadian Journal of Zoology 81: 453-461. (Abstract) (Paper) doi:10.1139/Z03-027
  • Garthe S, Scherp B (2003): Utilization of discards and offal from commercial fisheries by seabirds in the Baltic Sea. ICES Journal of Marine Science 60: 980-989. (Abstract) (Paper) doi:10.1016/S1054-3139(03)00099-7
  • Kubetzki U, Garthe S (2003): Distribution, diet and habitat selection by four sympatrically breeding gull species in the southeastern North Sea. Marine Biology 143: 199-207. (Abstract) doi:10.1007/s00227-003-1036-5
  • Garthe S, Benvenuti S, Montevecchi WA (2000): Pursuit plunging by Northern Gannets (Sula bassana) feeding on Capelin (Mallotus villosus). Proceedings of the Royal Society London, Biological Sciences 267: 1717-1722. (Abstract) (Paper) doi:10.1098/rspb.2000.1200
  • Tasker ML, Camphuysen CJ, Cooper J, Garthe S, Montevecchi WA, Blaber SJM (2000): The impacts of fishing on marine birds. ICES Journal of Marine Science 57: 531-547. (Abstract) (Paper) doi:10.1006/jmsc.2000.0714
  • Garthe S, Grémillet D, Furness RW (1999): At-sea-activity and foraging efficiency in chick-rearing Northern Gannets (Sula bassana): a case study in Shetland. Marine Ecology Progress Series 185: 93-99. (Abstract) (Paper) doi:10.3354/meps185093
  • Garthe S (1997): Influence of hydrography, fishing activity and colony location on summer seabird distribution in the southeastern North Sea. ICES Journal of Marine Science 54: 566-577. (Abstract) (Paper) doi:10.1006/jmsc.1997.0253
  • Garthe S, Camphuysen CJ, Furness RW (1996): Amounts of discards by commercial fisheries and their significance as food for seabirds in the North Sea. Marine Ecology Progress Series 136: 1-11. (Abstract) (Paper) doi:10.3354/meps136001
  • Garthe S, Hüppop O (1994): Distribution of ship-following seabirds and their utilization of discards in the North Sea in summer. Marine Ecology Progress Series 106: 1-9. (Paper)