1. Concepts and strategies for coastal protection

The FTZ has been engaged in the development of state-of-the-art strategies for the design of coastal structures. Deterministic and probabilistic methods accounting for the effect of extreme water levels due to tides, storms, external surges and sea level rise have been proposed. The selection of design parameters for coastal structures in terms of water levels and waves have been estimated for the German North and Baltic Sea coasts. For this purpose the extreme storms of 1967, 1976 and 1999 on the North Sea and the storm of 1872 on the Baltic Sea have been reconstructed using high resolution meteorological forcing and hydrodynamic models.